Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2018, Vol. 14(3) 12-31
Emre Ünlü, Sezgin Vuran & İbrahim Halil Diken
pp. 12 - 31 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijpe.2018.146.2 | Manu. Number: MANU-1803-02-0002
Published online: June 30, 2018 | Number of Views: 194 | Number of Download: 256
Discrete Trial Training (DTT) is one of many scientific based practices used in the education of children with ASD. It is seen that many evidence based practices are limited to the studies conducted by universities and cannot become widespread. Involvement of parents in their children’s education processes and utilization of evidence based practices play a very important role in overcoming the problems and achieving the desired results in children with ASD. In this study, the effectiveness of a group of family training programme, which has been developed to upskill parents to present DTT, was investigated on 14 mothers and 14 fathers. The result shows that there is a significant difference between experiment and control groups’ DTT scores. On the other hand there is no significant difference between mothers and fathers’ DTT performance in experiment group. Also children whose parents in experiment group improved imitation skills during the study. The parent training program has been found effective on teaching parents how to use DTT. All the parents indicated their satisfactions about the program and they also suggested the program to the other parents.
Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, parent training, discrete trial training, father, mother, evidence based practice
|How to Cite this Article?|
APA 6th edition
Chicago 16th edition
Association. (2012). DSM-5 Proposed criteria for autism spectrum disorder designed to provide more accurate diagnosis and treatment. http://www.dsm5.org/Documents/1203%20Autism%20Spectrum%20Disorders%20-%20DSM5.pdf adresinden 21.01.2013 tarihinde edinilmiştir.
Anan, R. M., Warner, L. J., McGillivary, J. E., Chong, I. M., & Hines, S. J. (2008). Group intensive family training (GFIT) for preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders. Behavioral Interventions, 23, 165–180.
Babel, D, Martin, G. L., Fazzio, D., Arnal, L., & Thomson, K. (2008). Assessment of the reliability and validity of the discrete-trials teaching evaluation form. Developmental Disabilities Bulletin. 36, 67-80.
Brace, N., Kemp, R., & Snelgar, R. (2006). SPSS for psychologists (3th ed.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Bryson, S. E., Koegel, L. K., Koegel, R. L., Openden, D., Smith, I. M., & Nefdt, N. (2007). Large scale dissemination and community implementation of pivotal response treatment: Program description and preliminary data. Research & Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 32, 142–153.
Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2011). Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabı (14. bs.). Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention, (2012). Identified prevalence of autism spectrum disorders ADDM network 200-2008. http://www.cdc.gov/NCBDDD/autism/data.html adresinden 14 Aralık 2012 tarihinde edinilmiştir.
Charlop-Christy, M. H., Le, L., & Freeman, K. A. (2000). A comparison of video modeling with in vivo modeling for teaching children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 537–552.
Chiang, H. M. (2014). A parent education program for parents of chinese american children with autism spectrum disorders (asds): A pilot study. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 29, 88-94
Cohen, J. W. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Coolican, J., Smith, I. M., & Bryson, S. E. (2010). Brief parent training in pivotal response treatment for preschoolers with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 1321-1330.
Cowan, R. J., & Allen, K. D. (2007). Using naturalistic procedures to enhance learning in individuals with autism: A focus on generalized teaching within the school setting. Psychology in the Schools, 44, 701–715.
Crockett, J. L., Fleming, R. K., Doepke, K. J., & Stevens, J. S. (2007). Parent training: Acquisition and generalization of discrete trials teaching skills with parents of children with autism. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 28, 23–36.
Drew, A., Baird, G., Baron-Cohen, S., Cox, A., Slonims, V., Wheelwright, S., Charman, T. (2002). A pilot randomised controlled trial of a parent training intervention for preschool children with autism. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 11, 266–272.
Dyer, W. J., McBride, B. A., Santos, R. S., & Jeans, L. M. (2009). A longitudinal examination of father involvement with children with developmental delays: Does Timing of Diagnosis Matter?. Journal of Early Intervention, 31, 265–281.
Elder, J. H., Donaldson, S.O., Kairalla, J., Valcante, G., Bendixen, R., Ferdig, R., Serrano, M. (2011). In-home training for fathers of children with autism: a follow up study and evaluation of four individual training components. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 20, 263-271.
Fazzio, D., & Martin, G. L. (2007). Discrete-trials teaching with children with autism: A self-instructional manual, revised Unpublished manuscript, Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.
Fazzio, D., & Martin, G. L. (2010). Discrete-trials teaching with children with autism: A self-instructional manual, revised. Unpublished manuscript, Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.
Gül, S. O. and Vuran, S. (2010). Sosyal becerilerin öğretiminde video model yöntemiyle yürütülen araştırmaların analizi. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 10, 217-274.
Güven, S., & Topbaş, S. (2014). Erken Dil Gelişimi Testi-Üçüncü Edisyon’un (Test of Early Language Development-Third Edition) Uyarlama, Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Ön Çalışması. International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education, 6, 151-172.
Heflin, L. J. & Alaimo, D. F. (2007). Students with autism spectrum disorders: Effective instructional practices. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
Hresko, W. P., Reid, D. K., & Hammill, D. D. (1999). Examiner's manual: Test of early language development, 3rd edition. Austin, TX: Pro-ed.
Ingersoll, B., & Dvortcsak, A. (2006). Including parent training in the early childhood special education curriculum for children with autism spectrum disorders. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 26, 179–187.
Jeanson, B., Thiessen, C., Thomson, K., Vermeulen, R., Martin, G. L., & Yu, C. T. (2010). Field testing of the discrete-trials teaching evaluation form. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4, 718—723.
Jones, E. A., Carr, E. G., & Feeley, K. M. (2006). Multiple effects of joint attention intervention for children with autism. Behavioral Modification, 30, 782-834.
Karaaslan, O., Diken, I., & Mahoney, G. (2011). The Effectiveness of the Responsive Teaching Parent-mediated Developmental Intervention Programme in Turkey: A pilot study. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 58, 359-372.
Kaiser, A. P., Hancock, T. B., & Neitfeld, J. P. (2000). The effects of parent implemented enhanced milieu teaching on the social communication of children who have autism. Early Education and Development, 11, 423–446.
Koegel, R. L., Bimbela, A., & Schreibman, L. (1996). Collateral effects of parent training on family interactions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 26, 347–359.
Koegel, R. L., Symon, J. B., & Koegel, L. K. (2002). Parent education for families of children with autism living in geographically distant areas. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 4, 88–103.
Lafasakis, M., & Sturmey, P. (2007). Training parent implementation of discrete-trial teaching: Effects on generalization of parent teaching and child correct responding. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 40, 685–689.
Laski, K. E., Charlop, M. H., & Schreibman, L. (1988). Training parents to use the natural language paradigm to increase their autistic children’s speech. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 21, 391–400.
Lang R, Machaliecek, W., Rispoli, M. & Regester A. (2009) Training parents to implement communication interventions for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD): A systematic review. Evidence-based Communication Assessment and Intervention 3, 174–90.
Lord, C., & McGee, J. (Eds.). (2001). Educating children with autism. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Love, J. R., Carr, J. E., Almason, S. M. & Petursdottir, A. I. (2009). Early and intensive behavioral intervention for autism:A survey of clinical practices. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 3, 421-428.
Mahoney, G., & Perales, F. (2003). Using relationship-focused intervention to enhance the social-emotional functioning of young children with autism spectrum disorders. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 23, 77–89.
Majnemer, A., Shevell, M. I., Rosenbaum, P., & Abrahamowicz, M. (2002). Early rehabilitation service utilization patterns in young children with developmental delays. Child: Care, Health and Development, 28, 29–37.
McConachie, H., & Diggle, T. (2007). Parent implemented early intervention for young children with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 13, 120–129.
McEachin J. J., Smith T., & Lovaas, O. I. (1993) Long-term outcome for children with autism who received early intensive behavioural treatment. American Journal on Mental Retardation 4, 359–372.
Meadan, H., Ostrosky, M. M., Zaghlawan, H. Y., & Yu, S. Y. (2009). Promoting the social and communicative behavior of young children with autism spectrum disorders: A Review of parent –implemented intervention studies. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 29, 90–104.
Minjarez, M. B., Williams, S. E., Mercier, E. M. & Hardan, A. Y. (2011). Pivotal response group treatment program for parents of children with autism. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 41, 92-101.
Moes, D. R., & Frea,W. D. (2002). Contextualized behavioral support in early intervention for children with autism and their families. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 23, 521–534.
Wilczynski, S., & Pollack, E. (2009). Evidence-based practice and autism in the schools: A guide to providing appropriate interventions to students with autism spectrum disorders.
National Research Council. (2001). Education of children with autism. Committee on Educational Interventions for Children With Autism, C. Lord & J. P. McGee (Ed.), Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Rocha, M. L., Schribman, L., & Stahmer, A. C. (2007). Effectiveness of training parents to teach joint attention in children with autism. Journal of Early Intervention, 29, 154–172.
Rogers, S., Hayden, D., Hepburn, S., Charlifue-Smith, R., Hall, T., & Hayes, A. (2006). Teaching young nonverbal children with autism useful speech: A pilot study of the denver model and Prompt interventions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 1007–1024.
Seung, H. K., Ashwell, S., Elder, J. H., & Valcante, G. (2006). Verbal communication outcomes in children with autism after in-home father training. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 50, 139–150.
Schultz, T. R., Schmidt, C. T., & Stichter, J. P. (2011). A review of parent education programs for parents of children with autism spectrum disorders. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 26(2), 96-104.
Sigman M., & Ungerer J. (1984). Cognitive and language skills in autistic, mentally retarded, and normal children. Developmental Psychology, 20, 293–302.
Simpson, R. L. (2005). Evidence-based practices and students with autism spectrum disorders. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities. 20, 140–150.
Stone, W., Ousley O, & Littleford C. (1997). Motor imitation in young children with autism: What’s the object? Journal of Abnorm Child Psychol, 25, 475–485.
Stone, W., & Yoder, P. (2001). Predicting spoken language level in children with autism spectrum disorders. Autism 5, 341–361.
Sturmey, P., & Fitzer, A. (2007). Autism spectrum disorders Applied behavior analysis, evidence, and practice. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed
Symon, J. (2001). Parent education in autism: Issues in providing services at a distance. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 3, 160–174.
Thomson, K., Martin, G. L ., Arnal, L., Fazzio, D., & Yu, C. T. (2010). Instructing individuals to deliver discrete-trials teaching to children with autism spectrum disorders: A review. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 4, 718-723.
Wong, C., Odom, S. L., Hume, K. A., Cox, A. W., Fettig, A., Kucharczyk, S., ... & Schultz, T. R. (2015). Evidence-based practices for children, youth, and young adults with autism spectrum disorder: A comprehensive review. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45(7), 1951-1966.
World Health Organization. (2008). ICD-10: International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems (10th Rev. ed.). New York, NY.
June 2018All Articles