PEN Academic Publishing   |  ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2020, Vol. 16(2) 157-174

Primary School Teacher Candidates and 21st Century Skills

Fatih Mehmet Ciğerci

pp. 157 - 174   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijpe.2020.241.11   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1912-07-0003.R1

Published online: April 02, 2020  |   Number of Views: 35  |  Number of Download: 81


Abstract

In this study, the aim is to determine the effect of digital storytelling on the primary school teacher candidates' 21st century skills. Since digital storytelling contains many skills like information, media and technology skills, communication and collaboration skills, group works, etc within itself, it can be defined as a good way for individuals to gain and develop 21st century skills. A digital storyteller, during the process of making his/her digital stories, is to research and access information, analyze, evaluate and give decision on what s/he has researched, solve problems, use his/her creativity, be capable of using technology, applications and/or programs and have digital, technology, visual and information literacy . In order to collect data, 21st Century Skills and Competences Scale Directed at Teaching Candidates, digital storytelling rubric and structured interviews were used. According to the results of the study, posttest scores of the candidate teachers' on 21st Century Skills and Competences Scale were higher than those of on the pretest. There was a meaningful difference between digital storytelling rubric scores the teacher candidates got from the three digital stories and the scores got higher on every following digital story, which can be said to support the result that the posttest scores of the candidate teachers' on 21st Century Skills and Competences Scale were higher than those of on the pretest. This situation is also supported by the fact that the scores obtained from the digital stories explain the variability of the scores on 21st Century Skills and Competences Scale by about 40% and that the scores obtained from the digital stories are the predictor of 2st century skills and competences of the teacher candidates.

Keywords: Learning and Innovation Skills, ICT Skills, Life and Career Skills, Digital Storytelling, Teacher Candidates


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Cigerci, F.M. (2020). Primary School Teacher Candidates and 21st Century Skills . International Journal of Progressive Education, 16(2), 157-174. doi: 10.29329/ijpe.2020.241.11

Harvard
Cigerci, F. (2020). Primary School Teacher Candidates and 21st Century Skills . International Journal of Progressive Education, 16(2), pp. 157-174.

Chicago 16th edition
Cigerci, Fatih Mehmet (2020). "Primary School Teacher Candidates and 21st Century Skills ". International Journal of Progressive Education 16 (2):157-174. doi:10.29329/ijpe.2020.241.11.

References
  1. Anagün Ş. S., Atalay N., Kılıç Z. & Yaşar S. (2016). Öğretmen adaylarına yönelik 21. yüzyıl becerileri yeterlilik  algıları ölçeğinin  geliştirilmesi:  geçerlik  ve  güvenirlik çalışması. PAU Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 40, 160-175. [Google Scholar]
  2. Anılan, B., Berber, A. , & Anılan, H . (2018). The digital storytelling adventures of the teacher candidates. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 9 (3) , 262-287 . DOI: 10.17569/tojqi.426308 [Google Scholar]
  3. Baki, A. & Gökçek, T. (2012). Karma yöntem araştırmalarına genel bir bakış. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 11(42), 1-21. [Google Scholar]
  4. Behmer, S. (2005). Digital Storytelling: Examining the process with middle school students, Ames, IA: Iowa State University. [Google Scholar]
  5. Brenner, K. (2014). Digital stories: a 21st-century communication tool for the English language classroom. English Teaching Forum, 1, 22-29. [Google Scholar]
  6. Bull, G. & Kajder, S. (2004). Digital storytelling in the language arts classroom. Learning & Leading with Technology, 32 (4), 46-49. [Google Scholar]
  7. Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. [Google Scholar]
  8. Czarnecki, K. (2009). Digital storytelling in practice: Storytelling in context. Library Technology Reports, 45(7), 5-8. [Google Scholar]
  9. Daigle, B. A. (2008). Digital storytelling as a literacy-based intervention for a sixth grade student with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An exploratory case study. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, Baton Rouge, La: Louisiana State University.  [Google Scholar]
  10. Dogan, B. (2007). Implementation of digital storytelling in the classroom by teachers trained in a digital storytelling workshop. Unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Houston. [Google Scholar]
  11. Dogan, B. (2012). Educational Uses of Digital Storytelling in K-12: Research Results of Digital Storytelling Contest (DISTCO) 2012. P. Resta (Ed.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2012 (s.1353-1362). Chesapeake, VA: AACE. http://www.editlib.org/p/39770. [Google Scholar]
  12. Duman, B. &  Göçen, G. (2015) The effect of the digital storytelling method on pre-service teachers’ creative writing skills. Anthropologist, 20(1-2). 215-222. [Google Scholar]
  13. Dupain, M. & Maguire, L. (2005). Digital story book projects 101: How to create and implement digital storytelling into your curriculum. http://www.uwex.edu/disted/conference/resource_library/proceedings/05_2012.pdf. [Google Scholar]
  14. Educause Learning Initiative (2007). 7 things you should know about digital storytelling. http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI7021.pdf. [Google Scholar]
  15. Erten, İ. S.; Çetinkaya Özdemir, E.; Güllü Eğin, E. & Palabıyık, E. (2018). Opinions of primary school teacher candidates' on preparing digital children literature product experiences. Turkish Studies, Educational Sciences, 13 (27), 723-736. [Google Scholar]
  16. Fields, A. & Diaz, K. (2008). Fostering community through digital storytelling: A guide for academic libraries.Westport, CT; Libraries Unlimited. [Google Scholar]
  17. Foley, L. M. (2013). Digital storytelling in primary-grade classrooms. Unpublished doctoral thesis, Arizona State University. [Google Scholar]
  18. Gakhar, S. (2007).The influence of digital storytelling experience on pre-service teacher education students' attitudes and intentions, Masters Abstracts International, 46(1). [Google Scholar]
  19. Göçen, G. (2014). The effect of digital storytelling method on students' academic achievement and learning and study strategies. Unpublished master dissertation. Mugla Sıtkı Kocman University, Instituition of Education Sicences, Mugla, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  20. Green, M. R. (2011). Teaching the writing process through digital storytelling in preservice education. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. University of Texas. [Google Scholar]
  21. Gregory, K. & Steelman, J. (2008). Digital storytelling: Powerful student engagement with multiple benefits. The annual meeting of the National Association of Developmental Education, Greensboro, NC. [Google Scholar]
  22. ISTE (International Society for Technology in Education). (2015). About ISTE. Available at: http://www.iste.org/about. [Google Scholar]
  23. Jakes, D. (2006). Standards-Proof your digital storytelling Efforts. TechLearning, http://www.techlearning.com/tech/media-coordinators/0018/standards-proofyour-digital-storytelling-efforts/43347. [Google Scholar]
  24. Jakes, D.S. & Brennan, J. (2005). Capturing stories, capturing lives: An Introduction to digital storytelling. http://bookstoread.com/etp/earle.pdf [Google Scholar]
  25. Jenkins, M. & J. Lonsdale. (2007). Evaluating the effectiveness of digital storytelling for student reflection. ASCILITE conference (s.440-444). Singapore. [Google Scholar]
  26. Johnson, R. B. & Christensen, L. B. (2004). Educational research: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. [Google Scholar]
  27. Kajder, S. B. (2004). Enter here: Personal narrative and digital storytelling. English Journal, 93 (3), 64-68. [Google Scholar]
  28. Karakoyun, F. (2014). Examining the views of elementary school students and pre-service teachers about digital storytelling activities in online environment. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Anadolu University Institution of Education Sciences, Eskisehir, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  29. Kocaman Karoğlu, A. (2015). Öğretim sürecinde hikâye anlatmanın teknolojiyle değişen doğası:  [Google Scholar]
  30. dijital hikâye anlatımı. Eğitim Teknolojisi Kuram ve Uygulama, 5(2). [Google Scholar]
  31. Kivunja, C. (2014). Innovative pedagogies in higher education to become effective teachers of 21st century skills: unpacking the learning and innovations skills domain of the new learning paradigm. International Journal of Higher Education, 3, 37-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.5430/ijhe.v3n4p37 [Google Scholar]
  32. Koltuk, N. & Kocakaya, S. (2015). Digital storytelling for developing 21st century skills: from high school students' point of view. Journal of Research in Education and Teaching, 4(2). [Google Scholar]
  33. Lambert, J. (2010). Digital storytelling cookbook and traveling companion. Berkeley, CA: Digital Diner Press. [Google Scholar]
  34. McGeoch, K. (2010). Digital stories. International House Journal of Education and Development 28, 19–21. http://ihjournal.com/digital-stories [Google Scholar]
  35. OECD (The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development). (2012). Connected minds: Technology and today’s learners, educational research and innovation. OECD Publishing Available at: http://www.oecdilibrary.org/education/connected-minds_9789264111011-en [Google Scholar]
  36. OECD (2018). Teaching for the future: effective classroom practices to transform education. OECD Publishing, Paris, https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264293243-en. [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  37. Ohler, J. (2008). Digital storytelling in the classroom: new media pathways to literacy, learning, and creativity. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. [Google Scholar]
  38. Porter, B. (2004). Digitales: The art of telling digital stories. USA: Bernajean Porter Consulting. [Google Scholar]
  39. P21, The Partnership for 21st Century Learning (P21), http://www.p21.org/. [Google Scholar]
  40. Partnership for 21st century learning, P21 Framework Definitions (2015), http://www.p21.org/storage/documents/docs/P21_Framework_Definitions_New_Logo_2015.pdf.  [Google Scholar]
  41. Robin, B. (2006). The Educational uses of digital storytelling. C. Crawford et all. (Ed.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, 709-716. Chesapeake, VA: AACE. [Google Scholar]
  42. Robin, B. R. (2008). Digital storytelling: A powerful technology tool for the 21st century classroom. Theory into Practice, 47, 220-228. [Google Scholar]
  43. Robin, B. & McNeil, S. (2013). The evolution of digital storytelling technologies: From PCs to iPads and e-Books. R. McBride & M. Searson (Ed.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, 1712-1720. Chesapeake, VA: AACE [Google Scholar]
  44. Sadik, A. (2008). Digital storytelling: A meaningful technology-integrated approach for engaged student learning. Educational Technology Research and Development, 56, 487-506. [Google Scholar]
  45. Satterfield, B. (2009). Eight tips telling your story digitally. Retrieved from: http://www.techsoup.org/learningcenter/training/page6 738.cfm. [Google Scholar]
  46. Uslupehlivan, E., Erden, M. K., & Cebesoy, Ü. B. (2017). Digital story creation experiences of pre-service teachers. Usak University Journal of Social Sciences, Special Issue, 1-22. [Google Scholar]
  47. Turkish Qualifications Framework (2015). Retrieved from https://www.myk.gov.tr//TRR/File6.pdf [Google Scholar]
  48. Voogt, J. & Pareja Roblin, N. (2010). 21st century skills. Discussion paper. Enschede, Univ. Twente. Available online at: http://www.internationalsymposiumoneducationalreform.com/storage/21st %20Century%20Skills.pdf. [Google Scholar]
  49. Yang, Y.T.C. & Wu, W.C.I. (2012). Digital Storytelling for enhancing student academic achievement, critical thinking, and learning motivation. A year - long experimental study. Computers & Education, 59(2), 339- 352. [Google Scholar]
  50. Yılmaz, R. & Ciğerci, F,M. (2018). A brief history of storytelling in Handbook of Research on Transmedia Storytelling and Narrative Strategies. Hershey PA, USA, IGI Global. [Google Scholar]
  51. Yuksel, P., Robin, B. & McNeil, S. (2011). Educational uses of digital storytelling all around the world. M. Koehler and P. Mishra (Ed.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (1264-1271). Chesapeake, VA: AACE. [Google Scholar]
  52. Zhao, Y. (2004). Social studies teachers’ perspectives of technology integration. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The University of Georgia. Georgia.  [Google Scholar]