PEN Academic Publishing   |  ISSN: 1554-5210

Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2020, Vol. 16(5) 404-425

The Relationship Between Workplace Friendship and Job Satisfaction in Educational Organizations

Tuba Yavuzkurt & Erkan Kıral

pp. 404 - 425   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijpe.2020.277.25   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2005-13-0003.R1

Published online: October 09, 2020  |   Number of Views: 6  |  Number of Download: 22


Abstract

The study, which aimed to reveal the relationship between secondary school teachers’ workplace friendship perceptions and their job satisfaction, was conducted with 269 volunteer teachers. In accordance with this purpose, Workplace Friendship Scale and Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale were used in the study. In this study, which was designed in the relational screening model, descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were used. As a result of the study, it was found that secondary school teachers’ friendship opportunity and internal job satisfaction perception levels were high. It was revealed that the teachers’ friendship perceptions differed significantly according to marital status and gender, and their job satisfaction levels differed significantly according to age, marital status and professional seniority. It was also revealed that there were moderate level and positive relationships between the teachers’ job satisfaction and workplace friendship perceptions. It was determined that the teachers’ friendship opportunity perceptions predicted their job satisfaction significantly and positively.

Keywords: Workplace, Friendship, Satisfaction, Teacher


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Yavuzkurt, T. & Kiral, E. (2020). The Relationship Between Workplace Friendship and Job Satisfaction in Educational Organizations . International Journal of Progressive Education, 16(5), 404-425. doi: 10.29329/ijpe.2020.277.25

Harvard
Yavuzkurt, T. and Kiral, E. (2020). The Relationship Between Workplace Friendship and Job Satisfaction in Educational Organizations . International Journal of Progressive Education, 16(5), pp. 404-425.

Chicago 16th edition
Yavuzkurt, Tuba and Erkan Kiral (2020). "The Relationship Between Workplace Friendship and Job Satisfaction in Educational Organizations ". International Journal of Progressive Education 16 (5):404-425. doi:10.29329/ijpe.2020.277.25.

References
  1. Abdullah, M. M., Uli, J., & Parasuraman, B. (2009). Job satisfaction among secondary school teachers.  Jurnal Kemanusiaan, 13, 11-18. [Google Scholar]
  2. Alparslan, A. M., Çiçek, H., & Soydemir, S. (2015). The antecedent strengthening person-organization fit: Workplace friendship. Journal of Akdeniz University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 15(32), 175-194. [Google Scholar]
  3. Amjad, Z., Sabri, P. S. U., Ilyas, M., & Hameed, A. (2015). Informal relationships at workplace and employee performance: A study of employees’ private higher education sector. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences (PJCSS), 9(1), 303-321. [Google Scholar]
  4. Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American psychologist, 55(5), 469. [Google Scholar]
  5. Aydın, D. (2006). Job satisfaction of staff in educational institutions. Unpublished master thesis, Marmara University Institute of Social Sciences, İstanbul. [Google Scholar]
  6. Balaban, Ö., & Özsoy, E. (2016). Effects of workplace friendship on individual outcomes. Journal of Bartın University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 7(13), 326-338. [Google Scholar]
  7. Başaran, İ. E. (2008). Organizational behavior: The production power of human. Ankara: Ekinoks. [Google Scholar]
  8. Baycan, A. (1985). Analysis of several aspects of job satisfaction between different occupational groups. Unpublished master thesis, Boğaziçi University Institute of Social Sciences, İstanbul. [Google Scholar]
  9. Bektaş, H. (2003). Comparance of psychological symptoms of the teachers whose working satisfaction levels are different. Unpublished master thesis, Atatürk University Institute of Social Sciences, Erzurum. [Google Scholar]
  10. Bell, R. R. (1981). Worlds of friendship. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications. [Google Scholar]
  11. Berman, E. M., West, J. P., & Richter, Jr, M. N. (2002). Workplace relations: Friendship patterns and consequences (according to managers). Public Administration Review, 62(2), 217-230. [Google Scholar]
  12. Bishay, A. (1996). Teacher motivation and job satisfaction: A study employing the experience sampling method. Journal of Undergraduate Sciences, 3(3), 147-155.  [Google Scholar]
  13. Çalışkan, S. C. (2011). The effects of “workplace friendships” and “organizational communication” on psychological empowerment perceptions of employees. Journal of Çukurova University, Institute of Social Sciences, 20(3), 77-92. [Google Scholar]
  14. Demirel, F. (2006). Job satisfaction of the primary school teachers: Denizli province sample. Unpublished master thesis, Pamukkale University Institute of Social Sciences, Denizli. [Google Scholar]
  15. Diri, M. S. & Kıral, E. (2016). The effect of job satisfaction of secondary school teachers on their occupational burnout. Journal of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Faculty of Education, 1(39), 125-149.  [Google Scholar]
  16. Dolan, S. L., & Gosselin, E. (2000). Job satisfaction and life satisfaction: Analysis of reciprocal model with social demographic moderators. Journal of Economics literature classification, D23, J20, J28. Retrieved on 22 April 2016 from https://www.researchgate.net/publications/3776294. [Google Scholar]
  17. Dündar, T. (2011). The relationship between organizatonal justice perceptions and job satisfaction levels. Unpublished master thesis, Yıldız Teknik University Institute of Social Sciences, İstanbul.  [Google Scholar]
  18. Ekşi, E. L. (2013). Job satisfaction levels of instructors of English at state and foundation universities. Unpublished master thesis, Maltepe University Institute of Social Sciences, İstanbul. [Google Scholar]
  19. Eren, E. (2014). Organizational behavior and management psychology (9th Ed.). İstanbul: Beta Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  20. Evans, L. (2001). Delving deeper into morale, job satisfaction and motivation among education professionals re-examining the leadership dimension. Educational Management and Administration, 29(3). 291-306. [Google Scholar]
  21. Felmlee, D. H. (1999). Social norms in same-and cross-gender friendship. Social Psychology Quarterly, 62(1), 53-67. [Google Scholar]
  22. Gergin, B. (2006). The job satisfaction level of primary school teachers (Çorum province sample). Unpublished master thesis, Gazi University Institute of Educational Sciences, Ankara. [Google Scholar]
  23. Günbayı, G. ve Tokel, A. (2012). İlköğretim okulu öğretmenlerinin iş doyumu ve iş stresi düzeylerinin karşılaştırmalı analizi. ODÜ Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi, 3(5), 77-95. [Google Scholar]
  24. Günlü, E., Dönmez, B., Miral, C., & Ömüriş, E. (2010). The effect of workplace friendships with their superiors on the performance of travel agency employees. Presented as a conference paper, 5th Postgraduate Tourism Students Research Congress, Nevşehir, 131-151. [Google Scholar]
  25. Hackman, J. R., & Lawler, E. E. (1971). Employee reactions to job characteristics. Journal of Applied Psychology Monograph, 55(3), 259-286. [Google Scholar]
  26. Hacker, H. H. (1981). Ballermouths and clams: Sex differences in self-disclosure in same-sex and cross-sex friendship dyads. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 5, 385-401. [Google Scholar]
  27. Karababa, A. (2012). The roles of positive perfectionism and negative perfectionism in predicting levels of job satisfaction and life satisfaction in psychological counselors. Unpublished master thesis, Pamukkale University Institute of Social Sciences, Denizli. [Google Scholar]
  28. Karasar, N. (2009). Scientific research methodology. Ankara: Nobel Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  29. Kaya, B. (2009). The factors which affect the job satisfaction and burnout level of the midwifes. Unpublished master thesis, Adnan Menderes University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Aydın. [Google Scholar]
  30. Kıral, E. (2016a). Examining the psychometric properties of workplace friendships scale on teachers in Turkey sample. Presented as a conference paper, International Congress of Educational Supervision, Antalya, 11-13. [Google Scholar]
  31. Kıral, E. (2016b). The relationship between the teachers’ workplace friendship with organizational commitment. Presented as a conference paper, 7th International Educational Administration Forum, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (Publication Nr: 2912853).  [Google Scholar]
  32. Kline, R. B. (2011) Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. (3rd Ed.). New York: Guilford. [Google Scholar]
  33. Kram, K., & Isabella, L. (1985). Mentoring alternatives: The role of peer relationships in career development. Academy of Management Journal, 28(1), 110-132. [Google Scholar]
  34. Leckie, G. J., & Brett, J. (1997). Job satisfaction of university librarians: a national survey. College & Research Libraries, 58(1), 31-47.  [Google Scholar]
  35. Levinson, D. J. (1986). A conception of adult development. American psychologist, 41(1), 3.  [Google Scholar]
  36. Levinson, D. J. (1996) The Seasons of a Woman's Life. New York: Knopf. [Google Scholar]
  37. Lima, J. A. D. (2001). Forgetting about friendship: using conflict in teacher communities as a catalyst for school change. Journal of Educational Change, 2, 97-122.  [Google Scholar]
  38. Lin, C. T. (2010). Relationship between job position, job attributes and workplace friendship: Taiwan and China. Journal of Technology and Management in China, 5(1), 55-68. [Google Scholar]
  39. Mao, H. Y. (2006). The relationship between organizational level and workplace friendship. The İnternational Journal of Human Resource Management, 17(10), 1819-1833. [Google Scholar]
  40. Mao, H. Y., Chen, C. Y., & Hsieh, T. H. (2009). The relationship between bureaucracy and workplace friendship. Social Behaviour and Personality, 37(7), 255-266. [Google Scholar]
  41. Markiewicz, D., Devine, I., & Kausilas, D. (2000). Friendship of women and men at work job satisfaction and resource implications. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 15(2), 161-184. [Google Scholar]
  42. Martins, H., & Proença, T. (2012). Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire–Psychometric properties and validation in a population of Portuguese hospital workers. FEP Journal–Economics & Management: Working Paper, 471(1), 1-23. [Google Scholar]
  43. Morrison, R. L. (2005). Informal relationships in the workplace: associations with job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover ıntentions. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Massey University. [Google Scholar]
  44. Morrison, R. L. (2008). Are women tending and befriending in workplace? gender differences in the relationship between workplace friendships and organizational outcomes. Springer Science + Business Media, LLC, DOI 10.007/s11199-008-9513-4. [Google Scholar]
  45. Mumcu, L. (2014). Beden eğitimi öğretmenlerinin iş doyumu ve tükenmişlik düzeylerinin çeşitli değişkenlere göre incelenmesi. Yayınlanmamış yüksek lisans tezi, Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü. [Google Scholar]
  46. Nielsen, I. K., Jex, S. M., & Adams, G. A. (2000). Development and validation of scores on a Two-Dimensional Workplace Friendship Scale. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 60(4), 628-643.   [Google Scholar]
  47. Ölçüm, D. (2015). The effect of school administrators' decision-making styles on teachers' job satisfaction (The case of Sakarya province). Unpublished master thesis, Sakarya University Institute of Educational Sciences, Sakarya. [Google Scholar]
  48. Özcan, Z. E. (2013). Job satisfaction of primary school teachers: Niğde sample. Unpublished master thesis, Gazi University Institute of Educational Sciences, Ankara. [Google Scholar]
  49. Özsoy, E., & Aras, M. (2014). Effects of workplace friendship on work engagement ındividual performance and job satisfaction. Presented as a conference paper, III. Multidisciplinary Academic Conference-MAC-EMMT 2014, Prague, Czech Republic, 78-84. [Google Scholar]
  50. Öztürk, A. ve Deniz, M. E. (2008). Okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin duygusal zekâ yetenekleri iş doyumları ve tükenmişlik düzeyleri üzerine etkisi. İlköğretim Online, 7(3). 578-599. [Google Scholar]
  51. Özyer, K., Kanbur, A., Kanbur E., & Seçgin, Y. (2013). Does friendship bring happiness? A research on workplace friendship and burnout. Presented as a conference paper, 1st Congress of Organizational Behavior,  Sakarya, 17-21. [Google Scholar]
  52. Polatkan, N. N., & Kıral, E. (2017). The relationship between secondary school teachers’ emotional labor behaviors and their job satisfactions. Presented as a conference paper, 4th International Eurasian Educational Research Congress. [Google Scholar]
  53. Richer, S. F., Blanchard, C., & Vallerand, R. J. (2002). A motivational model of work turnover. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32, 2089-2113. [Google Scholar]
  54. Riordan, C. M., & Griffeth, R. W. (1995). The opportunity for friendship in the workplace: An underexplored construct. Journal of Business and Psychology, 10(2), 141-154. [Google Scholar]
  55. Rubin, L. B. (1985). Just friends: The role of friendship in our lives. New York: Harper & Row. [Google Scholar]
  56. Seferoğlu, S., Yıldız, H., & Avcı Yücel, Ü. (2014). Burnout in teachers: Indicators of burnout and investigation of these indicators in terms of various variables. Education and Science, 37(135), 274-291. [Google Scholar]
  57. Semercioğlu, S., Tengilimoğlu, D., & Semercioğlu, M. G. (2012). Comparison of working in private and public hospitals of medical secretary employee job satisfaction and organizational trust levels. Journal of Gümüşhane University, Faculty of Health Sciences, 1(4), 225-238. . [Google Scholar]
  58. Shanahan, M. J., Porfeli, E., Mortimer, J. T., Erickson, L. D. (2005). Subjective age identity and the transition to adulthood: When does one become an adult. In R. A. Jr. Settersten, F. F. Jr. Furstenberg, R.G. Rumbaut Eds. On the frontier of adulthood: Theory, research, and public policy, pp. 225-255. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. [Google Scholar]
  59. Sias, P. M., & Cahill, D. J. (1998). From coworkers to friends: The development of peer friendships in the workplace.  Western Journal of Communication, 62(3), 273-299. [Google Scholar]
  60. Smerek, R. E., & Peterson, M. (2007). Examining Herzberg’s theory: Improving job satisfaction among non-academic employees at a university. Research in Higher Education, 48(2), 229-250. [Google Scholar]
  61. Song, S. H. (2006). Workplace friendship and employees’ productivity: lmx theory and case of the soul city government. International Review of Public Administration, 11(1), 47-58. [Google Scholar]
  62. Tezcan, F. (2010). The analysis of job satisfaction and organizational commitment of language instructors working in foreign language department of state and foundation universities. Unpublished master thesis, Maltepe University Institute of Social Sciences, İstanbul. [Google Scholar]
  63. Weiss, D. J., Dawis, R. V., England, G. W., & Lofquist, L. H. (1967). Manual for the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire. Minnesota Studies in Vocational Rehabilitation, 22, 23-4. [Google Scholar]
  64. Winstead, B. A., Derlega, V. J., Montgomery, M. J., & Pilkington, C. (1995). The quality of friendships at work and job satisfaction. Journal of social and personal relationships, 12(2), 199-215. [Google Scholar]
  65. Yavaş, T., & Çelik, V. (2012). The comparison of job satisfaction levels of classroom teachers working in rural areas and urban area. E-journal of New World Sciences Academy NWSA-Education Sciences, 7(1), 118-132. [Google Scholar]
  66. Yen, W. W., Chen, S. C., & Yen, S. I. (2009). The impact of perceptions of organizational politics on workplace friendship. African Journal of Business Management, 3(10), 548-554. [Google Scholar]
  67. Yılmaz, K. (2012). The relationship between primary school teachers’ job satisfaction levels and organizational citizenship behaviors. Anadolu Journal of Educational Sciences International, 2(2), 1-14. [Google Scholar]
  68. Yılmaz, M. (2014). The relationship between secondary school teachers’ motivation and job satisfaction. Unpublished master thesis, Adnan Menderes University Institute of Social Sciences, Aydın. [Google Scholar]
  69. Yılmaz, M., & Kıral, E. (2014). The relationship between motivation and job satisfaction of secondary school teachers. Presented as a conference paper, 5th International Educational Administration Forum, Konya. [Google Scholar]