Original article | International Journal of Progressive Education 2018, Vol. 14(5) 103-118
Bünyamin Ateş, Alican Kaya & Erhan Tunç
pp. 103 - 118 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijpe.2018.157.9 | Manu. Number: MANU-1807-27-0002
Published online: October 15, 2018 | Number of Views: 76 | Number of Download: 146
In this study, subjective well-being and perceived social support from family, friends, and teachers, were examined to determine how effective on the levels of cyber victimization and bullying in adolescents. The research was conducted on the basis of the relational screening model. The sample group of this study is created by high school students that continue education at the high school level in Erzincan and Ağrı provinces in 2017-2018 academic year, they have chosen by unselected sampling method, as determined by 416 (53.7%) are male and 358 (46.3%), including girls, are a total of 774 adolescents. The Cyber Victim and Bullying Scale (Çetin, Yaman & Peker, 2011), Adolescent Subjective Well-Being Scale (Eryılmaz, 2009), Perceived Social Support Scale (ASLÖ-R) (Yıldırım, 1997, 2004), and Personel Information Form was used as the data collection tools in the study. The data obtained in the study were analyzed by stepwise regression analysis method from multiple linear regression analysis. According to research findings; subjective well-being in adolescents, perceived social support from family, friends, and teachers variables reveal significance at the level of cyber victimization and bullying.
Keywords: Adolescents, cyber bullying, cyber victimization, perceived social support, subjective well-being.
|How to Cite this Article?|
APA 6th edition
Chicago 16th edition
Akbıyık, C., & Kestel, M. (2016). Siber zorbalığın öğrencilerin akademik, sosyal ve duygusal durumları üzerindeki etkisinin incelenmesi. Mersin Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 12(3), 844-859.
Akbulut, Y. (2010). Sosyal Bilimlerde SPSS Uygulamaları. İstanbul: İdeal Kültür Yayıncılık.
Antoniadou, N., & Kokkinos, C. M. (2015). Cyber and school bullying: Same or different phenomena? Aggression and Violent Behavior, 25, 363-372.
Arıcak, O. T. (2011). Siber zorbalık: Gençlerimizi bekleyen yeni tehlike. Kariyer Penceresi, 2(6), 10-12.
Ayas, T., & Horzum, M. B. (2012). İlköğretim öğrencilerinin sanal zorba ve mağdur olma durumu. İlköğretim Online, 11(2), 369-380.
Bauman, S., Toomey, R. B., & Walker, J. L. (2013). Associations among bullying, cyberbullying, and suicide in high school students. Journal of Adolescence, 36(2), 341-350.
Ben-Zur, H. (2003). Happy adolescents: The link between subjective well-being, internal resources, and parental factors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 32(2), 67-79.
Beran, T., & Li, Q. (2008). The relationship between cyberbullying and school bullying. The Journal of Student Wellbeing, 1(2), 16-33.
Beran, T., & Li, Q. (2005). Cyber-harassment: A study of a new method for an old behavior. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 32(3), 265–277.
Bhat, C. S. (2008). Cyber bullying: Overview and strategies for school counsellors, guidance officers, and all school personnel. Journal of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools, 18(1), 53-66.
Boronenko, V., Menshikov, V., & Marzano, G. (2013). Topicality of cyberbullying among teenagers in Russia and Latvia. Social Sciences Bulletin, 1(16), 84-104.
Brausch, A. M., & Decker, K. M. (2014). Self-esteem and social support as moderators of depression, body image, and disordered eating for suicidal ideation in adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42(5), 779-789.
Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2011). Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabı. (15. Baskı). Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık.
Can, A. (2013). SPSS ile bilimsel araştırma sürecinde nicel veri analizi. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık.
Cardoso, J. B., Szlyk, H. S., Goldbach, J., Swank, P., & Zvolensky, M. J. (2018). General and ethnic-biased bullying among Latino students: exploring risks of depression, suicidal ideation, and substance use. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 20(4), 816-822.
Chang, F. C., Chiu, C. H., Miao, N. F., Chen, P. H., Lee, C. M., Huang, T. F., & Pan, Y. C. (2015). Online gaming and risks predict cyberbullying perpetration and victimization in adolescents. International Journal of Public Health, 60(2), 257-266.
Cobb, S. (1976). Social support as a moderator of life stress. Psychosomatic Medicine, 38(5), 300-314.
Cohen, S., & Syme, S. L. (1985). Issues in the study and application of social support. Social Support and Health, 3, 3-22.
Cohen, S., & Wills, T. A. (1985). Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis. Psychological Bulletin, 98(2), 310-357.
Cooke, B. D., Rossmann, M. M., Mccubbin, H. I., & Patterson, J. M. (1988). Examining the definition and assessment of social support: A resource for individuals and families. Family Relations, 37(2), 211–216.
Çetin, B., Yaman, E., & Peker, A. (2011). Cyber victim and bullying scale: A study of validity and reliability. Computer&Education, 57(4), 2261-2271.
Dempsey, A.G., Sulkowski, M.L., Nichols, R. & Storch, E.A. (2009). Differences between peer victimization in cyber and physical settings and associated psychosocial adjustment in early adolescence. Psychology in the Schools, 46(10), 962–972.
Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95(3), 542-575.
Diener, E., & Tov, W. (2007). Subjective well‐being and peace. Journal of Social Issues, 63(2), 421-440.
Diener, E., Lucas, R. E., Oishi, S., & Suh, E. M. (2002). Looking up and looking down: Weighting good and bad information in life satisfaction judgments. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(4), 437-445.
Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125(2), 276-302.
Diener, E., Suh, E., & Oishi, S. (1997). Recent findings on subjective well-being. Indian Journal of Clinical Psychology, 24, 25-41.
Eccles, J. S., & Roeser, R. W. (2003). Schools as developmental contexts. In G.R. Adams & M. D. Berzonsky (Eds). Blackwell handbook of adolescence (pp. 129-148), Malden: Blackwell Publishing.
Eroğlu, Y. (2014). Ergenlerde siber zorbalık ve mağduriyeti yordayan risk etmenlerini belirlemeye yönelik bütüncül bir model önerisi. Yayımlanmamış doktora tezi, Uludağ Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Bursa.
Eryılmaz, A. (2009). Ergen öznel iyi oluş ölçeğinin geliştirilmesi. Türk Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi, 7(4), 975-989.
Fanti, K. A., Demetriou, A. G., & Hawa, V. V. (2012). A longitudinal study of cyberbullying: Examining riskand protective factors. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9(2), 168-181.
Fitzgerald, D. (1999). Bullying in our schools-understanding and tackling the problem: A guide for schools. Dublin: Blackhall Publishing.
García‐Moya, I., Suominen, S., & Moreno, C. (2014). Bullying victimization prevalence and its effects on psychosomatic complaints: can sense of coherence make a difference?. Journal of School Health, 84(10), 646-653.
Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2008). Cyberbullying: An exploratory analysis of factors related to offending and victimization. Deviant Behavior, 29(2), 129-156.
Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2010). Bullying, cyberbullying, and suicide. Archives of Suicide Research, 14(3), 206-221.
Jenkins, L. N., Fredrick, S. S., & Wenger, J. (2018). Peer victimization and social‐emotional outcomes: The role of teacher and peer support. Aggressive Behavior, 44(2), 176-184.
Karasar, N (2016). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemi, (31. Basım) Ankara: Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık.
Keith, S., & Martin, M. E. (2005). Cyber-bullying: Creating a culture of respect in a cyber world. Reclaiming Children and Youth, 13(4), 224-228.
Kokkinos, C. M., Antoniadou, N., & Markos, A. (2014). Cyber-bullying: An investigation of the psychological profile of university student participants. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 35(3), 204-214.
Landoll, R. R., La Greca, A. M., Lai, B. S., Chan, S. F., & Herge, W. M. (2015). Cyber victimization by peers: Prospective associations with adolescent social anxiety and depressive symptoms. Journal of Adolescence, 42, 77-86.
Mesch, G. S. (2009). Parental mediation, online activities, and cyberbullying. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 12(4), 387-393.
Mishna, F., Saini, M., & Solomon, S. (2009). Ongoing and online: Children and youth's perceptions of cyber bullying. Children and Youth Services Review, 31(12), 1222-1228.
Naslund, J. A., Aschbrenner, K. A., Marsch, L. A., & Bartels, S. J. (2016). The future of mental health care: Peer-to-peer support and social media. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 25(2), 113-122.
Navarro, R., Ruiz-Oliva, R., Larrañaga, E., & Yubero, S. (2015). The impact of cyberbullying and social bullying on optimism, global and school-related happiness and life satisfaction among 10-12-year-old schoolchildren. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 10(1), 15-36.
Navarro, R., Serna, C., Martínez, V., & Ruiz-Oliva, R. (2013). The role of ınternet use and parental mediation on cyberbullying victimization among Spanish children from rural public schools. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 28(3), 725-745.
Olweus, D. (1993). Bully/victim problems among schoolchildren: Long-term consequences and an eﬀective intervention. In S. Hodgins (Ed.). Mental disorder and crime (pp. 317–349). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Özdemir, Y. (2014). Cyber victimization and adolescent self‐esteem: The role of communication with parents. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 17(4), 255-263.
Peker, A., & Eroğlu, Y. (2015). Ergenlerde algılanan sosyal destek ve siber zorbalığa eğilim arasındaki ilişkiler: Arkadaştan ve öğretmenden algılanan sosyal desteğin aracı rolü. Turkish Studies, 10(3), 759-778.
Privitera, C., & Campbell, M. A. (2009). Cyberbullying: The new face of workplace bullying? CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12(4), 395-400.
Raskauskas, J., & Stoltz, A. D. (2007). Involvement in traditional and electronic bullying among adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 43(3), 564-575.
Rigby, K., & Cox, I. (1996). The contribution of bullying at school and low self-esteem to acts of delinquency among Australian teenagers. Personality and Individual Differences, 21(4), 609-612.
Sasson, H., & Mesch, G. (2014). Parental mediation, peer norms and risky online behavior among adolescents. Computers in Human Behavior, 33, 32-38.
Schimmack, U., Radhakrishnan, P., Oishi, S., Dzokoto, V., & Ahadi, S. (2002). Culture, personality, and subjective well-being: Integrating process models of life satisfaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(4), 582-593.
Schneider, S. K., O'donnell, L., Stueve, A., & Coulter, R. W. (2012). Cyberbullying, school bullying, and psychological distress: A regional census of high school students. American Journal of Public Health, 102(1), 171-177.
Seçer, İ. (2015). SPSS ve LISREL ile pratik veri analizi. (2. Baskı) Ankara: Anı Yayıncılık.
Sezer, F., & İşgör, İ. Y. (2017). Life style and social support: The role of computer/ınternet use. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 9(2), 356-369.
Smith, P. K., & Slonje, R. (2010). Cyberbullying: The nature and extent of a new kind of bullying, in and out of school. In S. Jimerson, S. Swearer, & D. Espelage (Eds), The international handbook of school bullying (pp. 249-262). New York: Routledge.
Smith, P. K., Mahdavi, J., Carvalho, M., Fisher, S., Russell, S., & Tippett, N. (2008). Cyberbullying: Its nature and impact in secondary school pupils. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49(4), 376-385.
Sumter, S. R., & Baumgartner, S. E. (2017). Psychosomatic complaints in adolescence: Untangling the relationship between offline and online peer victimization, psychosomatic complaints and social support. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 14(4), 399-415.
Tokunaga, R. S. (2010). Following you home from school: A critical review and synthesis of research on cyberbullying victimization. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(3), 277-287.
Valkenburg, P. M., Peter, J., & Schouten, A. P. (2006). Friend networking sites and their relationship to adolescents' well-being and social self-esteem. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 9(5), 584-590.
Willard, N. E. (2007). Cyberbullying and cyberthreats: Responding to the challenge of online social aggression, threats, and distress. Champaign, IL: Research Press.
Woodruff, B., Temkit, M. H., Adams, J., & Yost, K. (2017). Association between affective symptoms and school bullying experiences in adults with autism spectrum disorders Neurology, 88(16 Supplement), P4-156.
Wright, M. F., & Li, Y. (2013). Normative beliefs about aggression and cyber aggression among young adults: A longitudinal investigation. Aggressive Behavior, 39(3), 161-170.
Ybarra, M. L., & Mitchell, K. J. (2004). Online aggressor/targets, aggressors, and targets: A comparison of associated youth characteristics. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(7), 1308-1316.
Yen, C. F., Chou, W. J., Liu, T. L., Ko, C. H., Yang, P., & Hu, H. F. (2014). Cyberbullying among male adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: prevalence, correlates, and association with poor mental health status. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35(12), 3543-3553.
Yıldırım, İ. (1997). Algılanan Sosyal Destek Ölçeğinin Geliştirilmesi Güvenirliği ve Geçerliği, Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 13, 81-87.
Yıldırım, İ. (2004). Algılanan sosyal destek ölçeğinin revizyonu. Eğitim Araştırmaları-Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 17, 221-236.
You, J., & Lu, Q. (2014). Sources of social support and adjustment among Chinese cancer survivors: gender and age differences. Supportive Care in Cancer, 22(3), 697-704.
Zimet, G. D., Dahlem, N. W., Zimet, S. G., & Farley, G. K. (1988). The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52(1), 30-41.
October 2018All Articles